1866-1917

Lieutenant Charles B. Gatewood: Premier Cavalry Soldier of the American West

 Written By: Lieutenant Colonel Paul Fardink, USA-Ret. History affords the unique perspective of offering clarity through retrospection. Even though Lieutenant Charles B. Gatewood, using mutual respect and negotiation—not bullets and bravado—potentially saved the lives of countless cavalrymen, settlers, Native Americans, and Mexicans by ensuring Geronimo’s surrender in 1886 after years of contentious and bloody Indian …

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Journey Through the Wilderness: Lieutenant Henry T. Allen’s 1885 Exploration of Interior Alsaka

Written By: Robert Marsett In January 1885, three soldiers departed from Portland, Oregon, beginning a journey of discovery into the interior of Alaska.  Major General Nelson Miles, commanding the Department of the Columbia, of which Alaska was part, had tasked a young second lieutenant of the 2d U.S. Cavalry to organize and lead an expedition …

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The U.S. Army Barrack Shoes, Pattern 1886

By Ephriam D. Dickson III Deputy Chief, Field Museums Branch, U.S. Army Center of Military History Since the Army’s establishment, supply officers have struggled earnestly to find a functional design for Army footwear, one that could withstand the many varying environments into which Soldiers are often sent. “The health and efficiency of the soldier depends …

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Major General Leonard Wood

Leonard Wood was born in Winchester, New Hampshire, on 9 October 1860. He was educated at Pierce Academy in Middleboro, Massachusetts. He then attended Harvard Medical School and received his doctor of medicine via an internship at Boston City Hospital in 1884. The next year, he received an interim appointment as a contract surgeon with the Army, then an appointment as an assistant surgeon …

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Major General James Franklin Bell

James Franklin Bell was born near Shelbyville, Kentucky, on 9 January 1856. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1878. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 9th Cavalry upon graduation and soon was transferred to the 7th Cavalry. He married Sarah Buford in 1881. The next year, he served with the military escorts for the …

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