Army History Center

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A native of East Machias, Maine, Ralph T. Moan was working as a civil engineer when the United States declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917.  Moan then enlisted in the Maine National Guard’s Company K, 2d Infantry Regiment, which later became part of the 103d Infantry Regiment, 26th (Yankee) Division.  (Photograph of the Ralph T. Moan Family)

An Unlikely War Poet: A Doughboy from Maine

By First Lieutenant Jonathan Bratten, MEARNG World War I has been noted for the amount of incredibly evocative war poetry it produced, notably from such soldier-poets as Wilfred Owen and…

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Officers of the American Expeditionary Forces’ (AEF) Signal Corps Radio Section pose for a photograph in 1918.  The AEF Radio Section, commanded by Major Robert Loghry (seated) operated the AEF’s signal collection facilities along the Western Front.  (National Archives)

Chut, J’ecoute: The U.S. Army’s Use of Radio Intelligence in World War I

By Betsy Rohaly Smoot “This source of information, practically unthought-of before the war, has been developed to such an extent that, at the close of hostilities, it constituted one of…

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Soldiers from the Korean People’s Army (KPA) stand guard at the Military Demarcation Line inside the Joint Security Area (JSA) in July 2005.  On 23 November 1984, Vasilii Matuzok, a translator working at the Soviet embassy in Pyongyang, North Korea, stepped across the concrete blocks to freedom, sparking a firefight.  (Author’s collection)

A Forty-Minute Korean War: The Soviet Defector Firefight in the Joint Security Area, Panmunjom, Korea, 23 November 1984

Written By: Colonel Thomas Hanson, USA-Ret. Vasilii Yakovlevich Matuzok had dreamed of fleeing the oppression of communism since his high school days in Moscow.  At age twenty-two, he became a…

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1st Signal Brigade

Written By: Howard Bartholf In the storied annals of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, the 1st Signal Brigade has earned a heralded position.  From the jungles, central highlands, and coastal…

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Fort Garland, Colorado

Written By: Lieutenant Colonel Clayton R. Newell, USA-Ret. In June 1852, Major George A. H. Blake, 1st Dragoons, established Fort Massachusetts in northern New Mexico Territory, which today is part…

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U.S. and German Field Artillery in World War II: A Comparison

Written By: William G. Dennis At the beginning of World War II, the U.S. Army’s primary field artillery pieces were the French-designed M1897 75mm gun and M1918 155mm howitzer (above).…

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The 505th Infantry Regiment

Written By: Nicholas C. Welsh Throughout its long and storied history, the 505th Infantry Regiment has maintained a proud legacy within the U.S. Army and upheld the fighting spirit established…

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No Greater Glory: The Four Chaplains and the Sinking of the USAT Dorchester

Written By: Command Sergeant Major James H. Clifford, USA-Ret. In the early morning hours of 3 February 1943, First Sergeant Michael Warish nearly gave up hope as he floated helplessly in…

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Railroaders in Olive Drab: The Military Railway Service in WWII

In July 1861, Confederate Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston dramatically demonstrated the importance of railroads in modern warfare when he moved 12,000 troops by rail from Piedmont Station (now Delaplane),…

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Mine Warfare in the Civil War

Written By: John Grady Early in the Civil War, hard-pressed Confederate Army officers in the West, like Major General Leonidas K. Polk, knew they were particularly exposed to the Union…

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