Organizational and Social History

Chut, J’ecoute: The U.S. Army’s Use of Radio Intelligence in World War I

Written By: Betsy Rohaly Smoot  “This source of information, practically unthought-of before the war, has been developed to such an extent that, at the close of hostilities, it constituted one of the main branches of intelligence.”  Captain Charles H. Matz, Radio Intelligence Officer, First Army, American Expeditionary Forces, November 1918 The United States entered World …

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U.S. Army Chaplain Corps

As long as armies have existed, military chaplains have served alongside soldiers, providing for their spiritual needs, working to improve morale, and aiding the wounded.  The Bible tells of the early Israelites bringing their priests into battle with them.  Pagan priests accompanied the Roman legions during their conquests; as Christianity became the predominant religion of …

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The U.S. Army Chemical Corps: Past, Present, and Future

By Al Mauroni Today, newspapers and news desks use the words “weapons of mass destruction,” anthrax, smallpox, and nerve agents at least weekly, if not daily. Developing defenses against these unconventional weapons has been the mission of the U.S. Army Chemical Corps since its inception in 1917 as the American Expeditionary Force’s Gas Services.  Yet, …

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The Origins of U.S. Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal

By CSM James H. Clifford, USA-Ret. Among the many developments to come out of the World War II experience, the establishment of a bomb disposal organization is one of the more interesting. Until then, the Army had no bomb disposal apparatus. The seeds of Army bomb disposal were planted out of the necessity of World …

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History of the U.S. Army Center of Military History

The U.S. Army Center of Military History traces its functional lineage back to the Civil War when Congress requested a published record on the conduct of the war. The result was a 131-volume history, War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. However, no official standing body was created to study and examine …

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Executive Order 9981: Integration of the Armed Forces

By Patrick Feng The United States military of the present-day is comprised of servicemen and women of diverse social and racial backgrounds; all are dedicated to one common purpose: the defense of their country and its citizens. White, Black, Latin, Asian, and American Indian all serve side-by-side with dedication and distinction. However, the integration of …

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Combined Arms Team in the 20th Century

In the U.S. Army, the term “division” has meant different things at different times. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it had usually been considered a temporary war headquarters of no set structure used to direct the regiments and brigades placed with it. In the twentieth century, however, a division received a set structure made …

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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Army Chairmen are in Bold General of the Army Omar N. Bradley 1949-1953 Admiral Arthur Radford 1953-1957 (Navy) General Nathon Twining 1957-1960 (Air Force) General Lyman L. Lemnitzer 1960-1962 General Maxwell D. Taylor 1962-1964 General Earle G. Wheeler 1964-1970 Admiral Thomas Moorer 1970-1974 (Navy) General George Brown 1974-1978 (Air Force) General David Jones 1978-1982 (Air Force) General John W. Vessey, …

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