spanish-american war

The Black “Immune” Regiments in the Spanish-American War

By LTC Roger D. Cunningham, USA Ret. In April 1898 Congress declared war on Spain, and patriotic Americans of all colors rallied to the flag.  The rampant discrimination that characterized race relations in this country during the Gilded Age caused some black citizens to question America’s crusade to end Spanish oppression of dark-skinned Cubans, Puerto …

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Puerto Rico and the Philippines: The Lesser Known Campaigns of the Spanish-American War

by Kevin Hymel When the United States declared war with Spain in 1898, American planning focused on Cuba. The U.S. Army campaigns that followed, however, took on global proportions. Along with the invasion of Cuba, two other corps size expeditionary forces were launched–one to Puerto Rico and the other to the Philippine Islands. While these …

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Order of Battle of the U.S. Army in the Spanish-American War

Puerto Rico: 25 July at Guanica Expeditionary Force (Miles) Provisional Division (-) (Henry) Garretson’s Brigade (+) 6th Mass. Vol. 6th Ill. Vol. (-) Attached: F, 3rd Arty. B, 4th Arty. Eng. Bn Provisional Battalion of Recruits 27 July at Ponce 1st Division (Wilson) 1st Brigade (Ernst) 16th Penn. Vol. (1st & 2nd Bns.) 2nd Wisc. …

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Black Jack in Cuba: General John J. Pershing’s Experience in the Spanish-American War

by Kevin Hymel To most Americans, San Juan Hill conjures up images of Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders dashing up the hill to victory, but other soldiers also played an important role in driving the Spanish off the heights overlooking Santiago, Cuba. One such soldier was 1st Lieutenant John J. Pershing, the quartermaster of …

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