philippine insurrection

Major General James Franklin Bell

James Franklin Bell was born near Shelbyville, Kentucky, on 9 January 1856. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1878. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 9th Cavalry upon graduation and soon was transferred to the 7th Cavalry. He married Sarah Buford in 1881. The next year, he served with the military escorts for the …

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Lieutenant General John Coalter Bates

John Coalter Bates was born in St. Charles County, Missouri on 26 August 1842 and attended Washington University in St. Louis. At the opening of the Civil War, Bates was commissioned a first lieutenant in the 11th Infantry. He fought with the 11th Infantry in the Army of the Potomac and saw action at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. …

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A Desperate Undertaking: Funston Captures Aguinaldo

By Matthew J. Seelinger, Chief Historian Following the acquisition of the Philippines from Spain after the Spanish-American War, the United States became embroiled in a bloody and increasingly frustrating and unpopular campaign against Filipino insurgents. Many of the Filipinos initially welcomed the Americans as liberators and had expected independence once the American forces defeated Spain. …

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