Biographies

Major General Leonard Wood

Leonard Wood was born in Winchester, New Hampshire, on 9 October 1860. He was educated at Pierce Academy in Middleboro, Massachusetts. He then attended Harvard Medical School and received his doctor of medicine via an internship at Boston City Hospital in 1884. The next year, he received an interim appointment as a contract surgeon with the Army, then an appointment as an assistant surgeon …

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Major General John Buford, USA

During the early years of the Civil War, the Union cavalry was often outclassed by Confederate troopers.  Rebel cavalrymen became legendary for their exploits against federal horsemen, often riding circles around them and routing them on numerous occasions.  Eventually, through the implementation of improved organization, training, weaponry, and leadership, Union troopers began to match the …

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Major General James Franklin Bell

James Franklin Bell was born near Shelbyville, Kentucky, on 9 January 1856. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1878. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 9th Cavalry upon graduation and soon was transferred to the 7th Cavalry. He married Sarah Buford in 1881. The next year, he served with the military escorts for the …

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Major General Henry Wager Halleck

Henry Halleck was born in Westernville, New York, on 16 January 1815. He was educated at Hudson Academy, and received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Union College. He then graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1839 and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers. Halleck delivered a series of lectures which were eventually published under the title …

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