1866-1917

Lieutenant General Samuel Baldwin Marks Young

Samuel Baldwin Marks Young was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on 9 January 1840. He attended Jefferson College and then enlisted as a private in Company K, 12th Pennsylvania Infantry in 1861. Soon, he was made a captain in the 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry. In 1861, he married Margaret McFadden. By the end of the Civil War, Young was a …

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General Peyton C. March

Peyton Conway March was born in Easton, Pennsylvania, on 27 December 1864. He attended Lafayette College from 1880 to 1884 and then graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1888. He was commissioned an additional second lieutenant and assigned to the 3rd Artillery. Later that year, he was made a full second lieutenant. March was stationed in Washington, D.C. and …

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General of the Armies of the United States John Joseph Pershing

John Joseph Pershing was born near Laclede, Missouri, on 13 September 1860. He attended the State Normal School and then graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1886. He was commissioned a second lieutenant and served with the 6th Cavalry. From 1886 to 1890, he was assigned to duty in the Southwest and Northern Plains; he fought in the Wounded …

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The Black “Immune” Regiments in the Spanish-American War

By LTC Roger D. Cunningham, USA Ret. In April 1898 Congress declared war on Spain, and patriotic Americans of all colors rallied to the flag.  The rampant discrimination that characterized race relations in this country during the Gilded Age caused some black citizens to question America’s crusade to end Spanish oppression of dark-skinned Cubans, Puerto …

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Puerto Rico and the Philippines: The Lesser Known Campaigns of the Spanish-American War

by Kevin Hymel When the United States declared war with Spain in 1898, American planning focused on Cuba. The U.S. Army campaigns that followed, however, took on global proportions. Along with the invasion of Cuba, two other corps size expeditionary forces were launched–one to Puerto Rico and the other to the Philippine Islands. While these …

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Order of Battle of the U.S. Army in the Spanish-American War

Puerto Rico: 25 July at Guanica Expeditionary Force (Miles) Provisional Division (-) (Henry) Garretson’s Brigade (+) 6th Mass. Vol. 6th Ill. Vol. (-) Attached: F, 3rd Arty. B, 4th Arty. Eng. Bn Provisional Battalion of Recruits 27 July at Ponce 1st Division (Wilson) 1st Brigade (Ernst) 16th Penn. Vol. (1st & 2nd Bns.) 2nd Wisc. …

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Black Jack in Cuba: General John J. Pershing’s Experience in the Spanish-American War

by Kevin Hymel To most Americans, San Juan Hill conjures up images of Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders dashing up the hill to victory, but other soldiers also played an important role in driving the Spanish off the heights overlooking Santiago, Cuba. One such soldier was 1st Lieutenant John J. Pershing, the quartermaster of …

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